Courts using chatbots

Courts using Chatbot

Integrating technology into public services is essential for enhancing efficiency and accessibility. Chatbots are one of the most transformative technologies in the judicial sector. Courts using chatbots are revolutionizing how courts interact with the public, streamline operations, and provide essential services. This blog post explores how courts use chatbots, with examples from TextGov and other successful implementations.


The Role of Chatbots in Courts

Chatbots are computer programs designed to simulate conversation with human users. They can handle various tasks, from answering frequently asked questions to guiding users through complex legal processes. The National Center for State Courts (NCSC) highlights that chatbots can significantly improve access to justice and efficiency in court operations by providing 24/7 assistance, reducing the workload on court staff, and ensuring that users receive accurate and timely information[1].


Benefits of Courts Using Chatbots

    • 24/7 Assistance: Chatbots provide round-the-clock support, allowing court visitors and staff to access information and services outside traditional office hours.
    • Rapid Issue Resolution: With advanced natural language processing capabilities, chatbots can interpret and address concerns in real-time, reducing the time court personnel spend on routine inquiries.
    • Self-service Empowerment: Chatbots empower individuals to find solutions independently, particularly in legal settings where users often need quick answers to straightforward questions.
    • Cost-effective Solution: Chatbots can automate responses to common questions, leading to substantial cost savings and reducing the need for extensive staff hours dedicated to customer support.
    • Seamless Handover to Live Agents: When a query surpasses the complexity that chatbots can handle, a seamless transition to live customer support agents ensures that no query goes unanswered.


Examples of Successful Implementations

TextGov’s Court Chatbots

TextGov has been at the forefront of developing chatbot solutions tailored for court systems. Their chatbots are designed to enhance customer service, streamline operations, and provide critical information to the public.

Cook County Probate Court Chatbot

The Cook County Probate Court chatbot, developed in partnership with TextGov, is a prime example of how courts using chatbots can simplify complex legal processes. This chatbot assists users with estate management, traffic citations, and other probate-related inquiries. It offers immediate guidance on filings, legal terminology, and case status checks, making probate processes more transparent and accessible[2].

Key functionalities of the Cook County Probate Court chatbot include:

  • Probate Court Forms: The chatbot provides downloadable forms
  • Birth and Death Certificates: It offers guidance on how to request these documents.
  • Traffic Citations: The chatbot helps users understand their citation details, including court dates, payment options, and amounts due. The integration with TextGov’s pre-trial reminder service ensures that users receive timely reminders and have the option to pay online, leading to a 94% closure rate for traffic citations.

Since its implementation, the chatbot has significantly impacted the efficiency and effectiveness of the Cook County Probate Court. The court has seen a drastic reduction in calls and emails, allowing staff to allocate more time to critical tasks. The chatbot handles an average of 250 conversations per month, demonstrating its utility and acceptance by the public[2].

Maggie – Magistrate Fulton Court Chatbot

Maggie, the chatbot for the Magistrate Court of Fulton County, is another example for courts using chatbots it helps users with small claims, landlord-tenant issues, bond hearings, and garnishments. This interactive assistant ensures that litigants are well-prepared, potentially reducing case delays and improving overall court efficiency.

Maggie handles a wide range of tasks, including:

    • LiveChat Transfers: Connects users to live agents for complex queries.
    • Case Information Guidance: Helps locate case details.
    • E-filing Support: Assists with the electronic filing of documents and the guide and file system.
    • Interpreter Requests: Facilitates interpreter arrangements.
    • Mediation: Provides information and scheduling for mediation services.
    • Wedding Ceremonies: Assists in scheduling wedding ceremonies.
    • Court Forms: Provides access to necessary forms.
    • First Appearance, Preliminary Hearings: Offers information on these hearings.
    • Court Info: Shares court hours and locations.
    • Warrant Application Assistance: Guides the warrant application process.
    • Landlord-Tenant Matters, Small Claims, Garnishments, Fees, Continuances, Self Help Clinic, Virtual Hearings: Offers information and resources on these topics.

The data demonstrates Maggie’s effectiveness. Since its launch, conversations with Maggie have surged by 50%, reaching nearly 23,000 in 2023. In January 2024, when the court faced IT issues, Maggie managed a 49% spike in conversations, demonstrating its critical support role.


SANDI: Miami-Dade Courts’ AI Chatbot

SANDI (Self-Help Assistant Navigator for Digital Interactions) is an advanced AI chatbot developed for the Miami-Dade Courts. SANDI can understand user requests in English and Spanish, respond to both typed and spoken queries, and provide information on judicial directories, courtroom Zoom ID numbers, and case information. This chatbot has significantly reduced the number of live chats required, allowing court staff to focus on more complex tasks.


NCSC’s Guidance on Court Chatbots

The NCSC has published a comprehensive guide on building effective court chatbots. This guide emphasizes the importance of planning, supporting, and maintaining chatbots to ensure their effectiveness. Key recommendations include securing vendor contracts, making chatbots accessible, providing user input, and recruiting real users to test the chatbot before launch.

It should be noted that the NCSC white paper included numerous examples of TextGov chatbots.


Challenges and Considerations

While chatbots offer numerous benefits, there are also challenges and considerations that courts must address to ensure successful implementation.

Accuracy and Reliability

Chatbots must provide accurate and reliable information to avoid misleading users. Instances of AI hallucinations, where chatbots generate false information, highlight the need for continuous monitoring and human oversight. Courts must implement processes to verify chatbot responses’ accuracy and promptly address any errors.


Legal and Ethical Implications

The use of AI in the judicial system raises legal and ethical questions. Courts must consider the implications of relying on AI-generated content and ensure that chatbots do not replace human judgment. The case of Zhang v. Chen, where a lawyer relied on hallucinated cases generated by ChatGPT, is a cautionary tale about the risks of unsupervised AI use in legal contexts.



The integration of chatbots into court systems represents a significant advancement in judicial technology. Chatbots can transform how courts operate and interact with the public by providing 24/7 assistance, automating routine inquiries, and enhancing user experience. Successful implementations, such as those by TextGov and the Miami-Dade Courts, demonstrate the potential of chatbots to improve efficiency, accessibility, and customer service in the judicial system.

As technology evolves, courts must address the challenges and considerations associated with AI chatbots to ensure their successful and ethical use. By doing so, they can harness the full potential of this transformative technology to serve the public better and enhance access to justice.

For more information on how chatbots are transforming court services, visit the following links:

TextGov’s Court Chatbots

NCSC’s Guide on Court Chatbots

SANDI: Miami-Dade Courts’ AI Chatbot 

Zhang v. Chen Case